Motivation is a personal feeling and internal feeling. It is literally the desire to do things. Basically, it is driven by motives and results from a felt need. Motivation can be defined as “motivation is a process of stimulating people to action to accomplish desired goals.” It is rather a feel which arises from needs and wants. Human needs are unlimited. Fulfillment of one set of needs gives rise to other needs. Therefore, motivation is a continuous process.
Motivation is the most essential factor that encourages and helps an individual to live the life to its fullest. It is requisite both at individual and organizational level. In fact, the success of an organization is directly related to the level of motivation the employees have in them. Poorly motivated people can nullify the soundest organization. The climate of the organization plays a vital role in determining worker’s motivation. The climate should be conducive to human performance. The climate in an organization is determined by a number of variables as leadership style, growth prospects, and reward structure. In the same way, human needs are both numerous and complex. Some of these needs cannot be identified because people hide their real needs. Further, each person is different and a variety of items may prove to be motivating, depending upon the needs of the individual, the situation the individual is in and what rewards the individual expects for the work done.
Motivation can be Intrinsic and Extrinsic.
INTRINSIC MOTIVATION may be defined as internal desires to perform a particular task, people do certain activities because it gives them pleasure, develops a particular skill, intrinsic motivation drives an individual to do things just for the fun of it, or because it is a good or right thing to do.
Intrinsic motivation is far stronger a motivator than extrinsic motivation.
EXTRINSIC MOTIVATION is defined as the factors external to the individual and unrelated to the task they are performing. Examples are money, good grades, rewards. Extrinsic motivation comes from outside of the individual. Common extrinsic motivations are rewards like money and grades, threat of punishment. A crowd cheering on the individual and trophies are also extrinsic incentives. Competition is in general extrinsic because it encourages the performer to win.
”Life's battles don't always go, to the stronger or faster man, but soon or late the man who wins is the man WHO THINKS HE CAN.”